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Historical types of society: the civilizational approach. Culture and civilization.

Historical types of society: the civilizational approach. Culture and civilization.
The civilizational approach to the typology of the state is probably promising, but at the moment it is in the process of formation and in the educational literature there is no clear division of states into types by this criterion...

The essence of public consciousness. Dialectics of social being and public consciousness.

The essence of public consciousness. Dialectics of social being and public consciousness.
One of the categories characterizing the life of society is the category of public consciousness. At the same time, there is no unity among scientists about this category. The problem is connected with different understandings of the initial concept - consciousness...

The structure of public consciousness. Ordinary and theoretical levels of public consciousness.

The structure of public consciousness. Ordinary and theoretical levels of public consciousness.
Public consciousness should be understood as a set of ideas, theories, views, feelings, moods, habits, traditions, reflecting the public being of people, conditions of their life, existing in the society...

Freedom as a value. The problem of freedom and responsibility.

Freedom as a value. The problem of freedom and responsibility.
Freedom is a state of self-determination of a subject who chooses, relying on his spirit, goals, and means of activity and thus acts as a conscious and responsible creator. The more powerful a person is,...
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Skepticism as a trend of ancient philosophy

Skepticism as a trend of ancient philosophy
Introduction In the history of ancient philosophy, the following stages stand out: 1) the formation of ancient Greek philosophy (VI-V centuries BC; philosophers - Thales, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Pythagoras, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Socrates, etc...

The problem of social progress and its criteria.

The problem of social progress and its criteria.
The problem of social progress and its criteria. Progress is a form of development characterized by such irreversible changes in a phenomenon or an integral system, which results in their transition from the inferior to the superior, from the less perfect to the more perfect state...

Abstract on the history of Russian literature on the topic: Philosophy of M.A.Bulgakov

Abstract on the history of Russian literature on the topic: Philosophy of M.A.Bulgakov
Introduction Some books can never be read, deciphered, solved to the end. It seems to me that Mikhail Bulgakov's best prose, especially his latest works, is one of them. M.A.Bulgakov did not write philosophical works as such...
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