Little facts about caries. Part 1.
Absolutely everyone knows what "caries" is. And, this word causes in the depths of the soul quite disturbing feelings in both adults and children. The tooth, on which tooth decay has developed, makes itself felt a sharp short-term pain from any drink, food or cold. You can get rid of such trouble by visiting your dentist.
The dentist's office seems to be a kind of torture chamber, and even the most friendly and friendly doctor - the dentist seems to be an insensitive vermin. But in such a progressive age, is it really impossible to treat without pain and other unpleasant feelings?
What is tooth decay?
Caries is the process of demineralization of dental enamel, leading to pathological changes in the structure of the enamel itself and the subsequent formation of a cavity. This opens up the nerve endings of the tooth, which causes a painful reaction under any influence.
One of the most common diseases in the world is tooth decay. Approximately 97% of people have been diagnosed with this disease one way or another when visiting a dental office. The first way to prevent this problem is to prevent it, namely, to ensure good oral hygiene.
Who is more likely to have dental caries? In men or women?
Statistics show that women's teeth are more susceptible to dental caries. This is explained by a simple fact: during pregnancy, women face a calcium deficiency in their bodies, which is aimed at building all the structures of the future child. This makes the enamel of women's teeth thinner and loses its protective function. This makes the teeth more accessible for pathogenic bacteria that cause tooth decay.
Another reason for the growth of pathogens is the excessive presence of plaque on the teeth. The bacteria in the plaque release a special acid that destroys the mineral layer.
Caries occurrence: main causes.
If a person has poor oral hygiene, they definitely have dental caries. The greatest influence on the development of this disease is the hygienic condition of the teeth.
Therefore, if you want to visit your dentist as seldom as possible and only for preventive purposes, you should brush your teeth every day in the morning and evening. Pasta helps to remove all plaque from the tooth surface, which causes the growth of harmful bacteria. In addition, the multi-component paste also has a beneficial effect on the gums.
In addition to external causes, there is an internal lack of fluoride and other mineral elements in the body is primarily reflected in the condition of the teeth. The excess of carbohydrates, which accumulate in the body afterwards in the abundant consumption of sweets, also has a negative effect. A possible cause of caries can also be considered a change in the composition of saliva, which can occur after the disease. In the composition of saliva of a healthy person has everything you need to remove plaque from the surface of the teeth. A sick person's saliva composition changes, it temporarily loses its properties. Dental health can also be affected by heredity. If parents have problems with their teeth, children are at increased risk of having the same problems. Therefore, it is important to teach your child to follow oral hygiene carefully, which will reduce the risk of dental caries.
How does tooth decay develop?
There are several stages of dental caries development. The first sign of tooth decay can be white spots on the enamel, a so-called "chalk" decay, which is the initial stage of dental decay, where the teeth are demineralized. White spots are affected areas of the teeth. During this period, you can do without a borage machine - cure dental caries with ICON.
Then the caries goes on to the next stage, where the whitened areas of the teeth first turn yellow and then become darker. The development of dental caries moves on to the next stage - the "superficial" caries, which increases the sensitivity of the affected tooth. In the middle stage of dental caries development, the soft tissues of the tooth gradually begin to break down, which leads to the appearance of a cavity. If no measures are taken to treat caries at this stage, the pathogenic bacteria will also attack the pulp (the sensitive part of the tooth), this stage is called "deep" caries.
In children, the process of dental tissue lesions is quite rapid. This process is called "acute" caries. Adults usually develop tooth decay, which is called "chronic" decay. In chronic tooth decay, it can take several years between the initial stage and the deep decay stage.