All cats, especially thoroughbreds, are susceptible to various kinds of diseases.
Proper nutrition and careful care of the pet will help maintain its health and protect the animal from many accidents.
The owner of the kitten is required to know the symptoms that indicate the baby's health. Bald patches, damp spots, combs, cramped limb movements, hard or swollen abdomen, redness of the inner surface of the auricle, excessive salivation, fever, sweating, purulent discharge from the nose, eyes and ears, lameness, traces of blood, diarrhea - these are the main signs of illness cats, and should not be ignored.
You can not treat your pet with drugs intended for humans, since most of these medicines can negatively affect the health of the kitten. Only a veterinarian can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the desired treatment to the pet.
Parasitic diseases are the most common in cats. Not only animals, but also people in contact with them can seriously suffer from parasites. To reduce the risk of flea infection, it is necessary to keep the kitten’s resting place clean, carefully care for the animal, monitor the quality of the prepared feed mixtures, wash the feeder and feeder 2 times a week, and prevent the pet from contacting infected rodents, dogs and other cats.
Fleas are very common external parasites. They live on the skin of an animal. The kitten struck by them becomes aggressive.
A sick kitten constantly itches and bites the base of its tail. On careful examination, redness, scratching, bald spots and sores can be found on his skin. Moreover, when fleas and wool enter the stomach, tapeworms can become infected.
In an adult flea, the laterally compressed body reaches a length of 3-4 mm, short antennas and long legs with spikes. The wings of this species of parasites are absent. Fleas feed on blood, piercing the skin of the animal with mouth organs and thereby causing itching in the victim. Both females and males are involved in parasitic activities. If necessary, they can starve for a long time (more than 1.5 years).
Fleas multiply rapidly. Females lay small white eggs, from which after 7-15 days worm-shaped larvae emerge, feeding on the decomposing residues of feed and organic matter. After 3-4 days, the larvae pupate, and after 12 days adult individuals are born.
It is very difficult to get rid of fleas, as they can live not only on a cat, but also move freely around the house. Therefore, before you start treating the kitten with insecticidal agents, you should carefully clean the apartment: knock out carpets, pillows, blankets, soft toys, vacuum and mop the floor.
Lice are extremely contagious and pose a serious threat to the health of not only cats, but also people. These parasites can be easily seen with the naked eye, even with a superficial examination of the infected animal. It is not difficult to destroy them; it is enough to carefully redeem a pet using insecticidal shampoo.
Lice-eaters are small insects that parasitize on cats. Their body and head are flattened from the sides, their eyes are almost undeveloped, and the belly consists of several segments. The wings of this ectoparasite are absent.
Throughout their life, female lice eaters can lay 20–60 nits (eggs), which are then attached to the animal’s hair using uterine secretions. After 1-2 weeks, larvae emerge from them, of which adult insects emerge after the third molt.
Infection with lice-eaters occurs during close contact with a sick animal. In some cases, kittens can become infected with parasites from their mother.
You can detect whipworms when examining the skin and coat of an animal. To destroy them, it is recommended to treat the cat with an insecticidal dust or aerosol. These drugs have a minimal effect on the eggs of the beetles, therefore it is recommended to treat the infected animal twice with an interval of 1-2 weeks. One of the most popular insecticides is Pasha shampoo. It not only allows you to destroy parasites, but also eliminates an unpleasant odor, and also has a beneficial effect on the skin of a kitten.