Biblical Moses and the last king of Mari Zimri-Lim are the same person

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USA, Washington, “THE EAST: Ancient & Modern”, 6.06.2021 г. - pp: 210. 

ISBN: 9781953594990, 1953594999
USA, Washington, “THE EAST: Ancient & Modern”, 6.06.2021 г. - pp: 210. ISBN: 9781953594990, 1953594999
USA, Washington, “THE EAST: Ancient & Modern”, 6.06.2021 г. - pp: 210. ISBN: 9781953594990, 1953594999


In the book, referring to the 3 independent sources written in the XVIII century BC, the author establishes that Moses, Joshua and other characters of the Torah actually existed in real history, and the Exodus of the Jews did actually happen. It did not happen in Egypt in the XIV century BC, as it was thought until now, but in Mari in the XVII century BC. Referring to those sources, author recreates the true picture of the events, as well as restores the further fate of the heroes of the Pentateuch.

Those three independent sources (which were eventually edited many times) are: (1) The so-called books of Moses ("Exodus", "Numbers", "Deuteronomy", " Leviticus») + "Book of Joshua"; (2) Available materials of the Mari Archive; (3) A source reflecting the view of the invasion, written in the XVIII-XVII centuries BC by the opponents of Moses and Joshua during the Jewish invasion of Canaan, which are called the Canaanites. The last was first deciphered and involved in the study of the Bible by the author of this monograph. This source provides extensive knowledge about the philosophy, life, customs, folklore, mindset of the pre-Mosaic population of Canaan. It vividly depicts the fear and worries of local residents in anticipation of the offensive of Joshua’s army against Canaan, their behavior, family tragedies after the conquest of Canaan by Joshua. According to the author, the authenticity of this source, the date of its writing and its affiliation with the pre-Mosaic nations of Canaan (refugees from Canaan) cannot be disputed.

According to this source, author states that Moses is the last king of Mari = Zimri-Lim; Jethro = Šumu-Epuh (I king of Yamhad under Zimri-Lim); Raguel = Yarīm-Lîm I (II king of Yamhad under Zimri-Lim, father-in-law of Zimri-Lim); Hovab =Hammurabi I (III king of Yamhad under Zimri-Lim, brother-in-law of Zimri-Lim); Zipporah = Šibtu (daughter of the Yarīm-Lîm I, wife of Zimri-Lim); the Cushite wife of Moses = second wife of Zimri-Lim Dam-Huraši; Miriam = Inibšina (priest sister of Zimri-Lim); "Pharaoh-oppressor" = Šamši-Adad I (king of Assyria, I occupier of Mari under the reign of Zimri-Lim); "Pharaoh of Exodus" = Hammurabi (king of Babylon, II occupier of Mari under the reign of Zimri-Lim), Zippor = Išḫi-Addu (I king of Qatna under the reign of Zimri-Lim), Balak = Amut-pî-El II (II king of Qatna under the reign of Zimri-Lim), ... Chedorlaomer = Joshua; country of Midian = Yamhad; country of Kush = Moab = Qatna = Nabatea, Harran = Hauran = region of Basan, Reed Sea = The Dead Sea. Finally, the Exodus had occurred in 1759 BC in Mari, 2 years after its occupation by Hammurabi.

According to the author, Moses was violently killed in about 1745 BC on the territory of modern Jordan. Abraham was his younger contemporary. The authorship of "Genesis" belongs to Joseph.

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The author hopes, that the results of his investigations will be used solely in the disinterested search for truth, and not for the dissemination and promotion of any theories or ideas. The purpose of this investigation is finding the codes of the Bible, which cannot be considered connected to any ideological questions. The current situation in the Biblical studies without any exaggeration can be described as a dead end, as there is no room for the research. The conclusions drawn in this book may be incorrect, but they can encourage further research, the search for alternative approaches that will lead to more important discoveries in this area and the advancement of research on the path of knowledge of God and the history of the Jews. Finding the final answer to these questions remains the prerogative of further researchers of the question.

The titles of the other books of this author also indicate that they are purely research-oriented: "Christianity is an ideological weapon developed in the laboratories of Rome", "The Biblical Mordecai and the Persian satrap Tissaphernes (Orontes I) is the same person", "The Origin of the Khazar Jews", "Ancient and modern Persians belong to different ethnic groups", etc.


Based on the following parallels, this book states that the last king of Mari, Zimri-Lim, and the biblical Moses are the same person. Thus, Zimri-Lim in his youth organized an unsuccessful coup against Sūmû-Jamam (Bibl.: Pharaoh's overseer), who was the governor of Šamši-Adad I (bibl. Pharaoh-oppressor) in Mari, and fled to the neighboring Yamhad (bibl. "to the land of Midian"). There he married the granddaughter of the king Šumu-Epuh (bibl. Jethro) and lived there for 20 years (1794-1774 BC). After the death of Šamši-Adad I, he acceded to the throne of Mari with the help of his father-in-law Yarīm-Lîm I (bibl. Reuel), who was the heir of Šumu-Epuh. After some time (in 1761 BC), Mari was occupied by the Babylonian king Hammurabi (bibl. Pharaoh of Exodus), whom Zimri-Lim had previously called "elder brother" in all his diplomatic correspondence, and after the occupation of Mari he, too, in turn, had fulfilled his duty as his brother by not interfering with Zimri-Lim and leaving him on the throne as his viceroy. As the new king of Yamhad was his brother-in-law (bibl. Ḥōḇāḇ), the attitude of Zimri-Lim was cool, he did not help him with this matter (as it is written in v. Chis. 10:29-30). After 2 years, the Marians led by Zimri-Lim unsuccessfully attempted to mutiny against Babylonian oppression. After their defeat in 1959 BC all the population of Mari left Mari and, having defeated several local tribes, isolated themselves on the territory of the modern Jordan. After their long tranquil wanderings within these territories, the younger generation led by Joshua had killed Zimri-Lim/Moses, seized the power and organized an attack on the future Canaan.

Under the reign of Zimri-Lim in Mari occultism and prophecy were at their peak and Zimri-Lim made no decision without consulting the oracles. The sister of Zimri-Lim Inibšina (bibl. Miriam) was a widow and a priest of the Temple. The population of Mari was called the hanaeans (after the eponym of the Assyrian king Khan), and they were divided into 2 large groups: the bensamilites (the sons of the left side of the Euphrates) and the benjaminites (the sons of the right side of the Euphrates), each of which, in turn, divided into several tribes.

The transfer of this whole history from Mari to Egypt had happened when after a short time of their separation in Canaan those areas where occupied by Egypt and the Jews remained under its yoke for several hundred years. At that time the entire national consciousness of the Jews was set against Egypt and the Jewish prophets and leaders fed this hatred by linking all the old wounds of the Jews with Egypt. There was also a crossroads of these 2 canaanites/hanaeans: Mesopotamians (which is long gone) with the Palestinian one. The pantheon of deities of both canaanites/hanaeans (Early Israelites and Marians) also coincide.

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Fragments from the book